World Cerebral Palsy Day 2020
The 6th of October remarks the World Cerebral Palsy (CP) Day. CP a physical disability that affects movement and posture (1). It is considered an umbrella term for a group of disorders that affects a person’s ability to move (1). CP can affect body movement, muscle control, muscle coordination, muscle tone, reflex, posture and balance (1). CP is the result of a combination of events either before, during, or after birth that can lead to an injury in a baby’s developing brain (1). About 45% of children diagnosed with CP are born prematurely, while only a small percentage of CP is due to complications at birth such as asphyxia or lack of oxygen (1). For most babies born at term with CP, the cause remains unknown (1). Babies can now be assessed as being at ‘high risk of cerebral palsy’ as early as 3-5 months of age, where the most sensitive tools of diagnosis are: General Movements Assessment in babies <20 weeks, Neuroimaging, and Hammersmith Infant Neurological Assessment (HINE) (1). At least two thirds of children with cerebral palsy have movement difficulties affecting one or both arms (1). Therefore, almost every daily activity can be impacted (1). The most common form of CP is the spastic CP where muscles appear stiff and tight and it arises from damage to the brain Motor Cortex (1). There’s currently no curative treatment for cerebral palsy, however, treatments are available to help patients be as active and independent as possible (2). Among the treatment options available: physiotherapy, speech and language therapy, occupational therapy, treatments for feeding problems, treatments for drooling, and surgery (2).
- Worldcpday.Org. World CP Day – October 6Th. https://worldcpday.org/. Accessed 05 October 2020.
- NHS. Cerebral Palsy – Treatment. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/cerebral-palsy/treatment/. Accessed 05 October 2020.