World Osteoporosis Day 2020
The 20th of October marks the World Osteoporosis Day. Osteoporosis is considered a serious public health concern. It is estimated that over 200 million people suffer from this disease worldwide. Approximately 30% of all postmenopausal women have osteoporosis in the United States and in Europe and at least 40% of these women and 15-30% of men will develop one or more fragility fractures in their remaining lifetime. Among the fixed risk factors for osteoporosis: age, female gender, ethnicity, family history of osteoporosis, previous fractures, menopause or hysterectomy, rheumatoid arthritis and hypogonadism in men. While the modifiable risk factors for osteoporosis are: smoking, alcohol, poor nutrition, vitamin D deficiency, eating disorders, and insufficient exercise. As osteoporosis has no obvious symptoms, it’s important to seek medical advice if any risk factors apply to you. Osteoporosis or osteopenia (pre-osteoporosis) can be early detected through Bone Mineral Density (BMD) tests, and the most common one used is DXA (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry). Today there is a wider variety of osteoporosis treatment options than ever before. Treatments have been shown to reduce the risk of hip fracture by up to 40%, vertebral fractures by 30-70% and, with some medications, reduce the risk for non-vertebral fractures by 15-20%. There are two main types of treatments available: anti-resorptive agents which reduce bone destruction and therefore preserve BMD, while anabolic agents stimulate bone formation, thereby increasing BMD.
Source: 1. Osteoporosis | International Osteoporosis Foundation. Iofbonehealth.Org. https://www.iofbonehealth.org/osteoporosis. Accessed 20 Oct 2020.